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Proof-reading is also known as line editing, but this is a misnomer because any editing at the proof stage is costly and time-consuming. Work should be properly copy-edited before it is typeset. Proof-reading ensures that no errors remain in the text, that none have crept in during setting, and that the layout is effective and well-presented. There are usually two stages to this process: first proofs and revised proofs.

If material has not yet been typeset, then it needs to be copy-edited, not proof-read.

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